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Paddy: KCNT1-related epilepsy

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Paddy and sister

Paddy's story

KCNT1-related epilepsy

Paddy has KCNT1-related epilepsy, a rare disease which has no cure and has left him severely disabled. Since he was a tiny baby, he has suffered thousands of seizures. Most devastatingly of all, children with this condition often don’t live into double figures. 

“Paddy is a beautiful little boy who is absolutely adored by everyone who meets him,” says his mum, Catherine. “He has this strong presence in a room and brings so much joy. He will let us know if he isn’t happy about something, especially if you put him down from being cuddled – that’s his favourite thing.”

When Paddy was first born, all had initially seemed well. “He fed, slept and hardly cried,” says Catherine. “Although I had noticed some shaking while he was in his Moses basket, it was passed off as him adjusting to life outside the womb and it didn’t seem to bother him.”

Paddy held by mum Catherine

But when Paddy was two weeks old, everything began to change. He would scream for hours on end and nothing seemed to help. As those early weeks went on, Catherine instinctively began to feel that something was seriously wrong.

“His eyes would roll, and he didn’t begin to smile,” she says. “At eight weeks old, I took him to hospital after what was a noticeable seizure and told them I wasn’t leaving.”

Paddy underwent many tests and was given various medications – none of which worked. Catherine and husband James were told it could be months before they had genetic tests back.

The diagnosis, when it came, was more devastating than anyone could have imagined. KCNT1-related epilepsy is a very rare and severe neurological condition. The family’s future changed in an instant.

Paddy in hospital with big sister Nancy

At his worst, Paddy was suffering up to 50 seizures a day. Finding the right medications to help is a delicate balance. The family never know when something will stop working.

Paddy has had thousands of seizures in his lifetime and they don’t get any easier for us to watch. We always ensure we are there to comfort him and hold his hand.

Paddy's mum, Catherine
Paddy and his dad James

Now, at three years old, Paddy still has the developmental age of a young baby. “He has hit no milestones, and this won’t ever change. He makes his own little sounds and will let us know if he is unhappy or hungry. But his only form of communication is crying,” explains Catherine. 

The family’s ultimate goal is to keep Paddy out of hospital and as healthy, comfortable and happy as possible – to make his life the best it can be.

Action Medical Research is currently funding researchers at the University of Leeds who are working to identify chemical compounds that could form the basis of urgently needed new medicines for children with KCNT1-related epilepsies.

Dr Jonathan Lippiat, who’s leading this research, says: “Developing a safe and effective new treatment that can help control seizures and prevent damage to children’s brains would greatly improve the quality of life for affected children and hopefully allow many more to reach adulthood.”

“We understand that there may be no miracle cure," says Catherine. "But if this condition can be better understood then we will know we have helped future children.”

Medical research gives us a sense of hope.

Paddy's mum, Catherine
Paddy with his mum and dad